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Parzival took me far too long to read for me to really declare that I liked it Still, once I resolved to finish it already I got through it quite quickly, and it helps that, as with Chr tien s version of the story of the grail, Gawain has a large part to play.Hatto s translation is quite readable, though I believe he tried to capture a lot of the original nature of Wolfram s writing, so it s not always straightforward and to the point The footnotes are very helpful, especially when they indi Parzival took me far too long to read for me to really declare that I liked it Still, once I resolved to finish it already I got through it quite quickly, and it helps that, as with Chr tien s version of the story of the grail, Gawain has a large part to play.Hatto s translation is quite readable, though I believe he tried to capture a lot of the original nature of Wolfram s writing, so it s not always straightforward and to the point The footnotes are very helpful, especially when they indicate alternate translations and stuff like that.The story itself, well, it s pretty much as you d expect of a grail story of that period Most of the knights are paragons of virtue, most of the names are unpronounceable I seriously wonder how some of them came about , the son of a white man and a woman of colour comes out both black and white sort of like a raspberry swirl, I imagine, only black and whiteIt gets points for the very positive portrayal of Gawain, and I was quite intrigued by the footnote which explained that Wolfram had to equivocate a bit because of the pro Gawain audience There s much less potential criticism of Gawain throughout, too I already knew from my research on Heinrich von dem T rlin s work that Gawain was well thought of by the German audience of these texts through Hartmann von Aue still has the hint of criticism of him from Chr tien in Iwein This is justproof, I suppose Wonder what had him so well thought of in Germany, given the mockery of him in France Wolfram von Eschenbach s early 13th century poem rendered here from the Middle High German into modern English prose chronicles the events of the title character s life from childhood to knighthood, and of his quest for and attainment of the Grail Along with two chapters devoted to Parzival s father Gahmuret, and several throughout the middle of the story concerning Gawan, the book is a celebration of knighthood, most likely written from the point of view of one of its practitioners More abs Wolfram von Eschenbach s early 13th century poem rendered here from the Middle High German into modern English prose chronicles the events of the title character s life from childhood to knighthood, and of his quest for and attainment of the Grail Along with two chapters devoted to Parzival s father Gahmuret, and several throughout the middle of the story concerning Gawan, the book is a celebration of knighthood, most likely written from the point of view of one of its practitioners More abstractly, it also approaches Jungian archetype territory and Joseph Campbell s ideas about Hero mythology wrongs committed in ignorance block Parzival from obtaining the Grail when it is first revealed to him, and only after the quest s hardships have purged him of ignorance and sin is he rewarded with the earthly and spiritual sublimity of achieving his goal.The Grail of this version is interesting in and of itself Wolfram writes before the object had become wholly associated with either the last supper or Christ s crucifixion, and long before Mallory and Tennyson or Terry Gilliam stamped it into the culture s consciousness as a holy cup Instead, here it is a stone, one that has both life sustaining properties and the power to dispense enough food to supply the entire contingent of knights and ladies stationed at Munsalvaesche the castle of the Grail s keeping The king of this castle, Anfortas, also known as the Fisher King , is gravely wounded it is only the Grail that keeps him alive, albeit in excruciating pain In Munsalvaesche, both king and subjects wait for someone to come who will ask the king the healing question What is it that troubles you Parzival, in his youthful ignorance, stumbles upon the castle and is shown the wonders of the Grail, but in order not to appear foolish, keeps his peace instead of asking the question that will bring the king relief The following morning, he awakes to find his host gone, and as he rides out after him, he discovers that he can no longer find his way back to the castle For the next four and a half years he wanders, dishonored, searching for the Grail Only when the Grail calls to him, by virtue of Parzival s name appearing in writing on the stone, does his quest end.There are several different translations of Parzival available, including this one by Mustard and Passage written in 1961 A.T Hatto translated it for Penguin Classics in 1980, and in 2009, Oxford World s Classics published another version by Cyril Edwards Using the look inside feature on , I compared several paragraphs side by side, and, although I suspect that they all have strengths and weaknesses, if I were forced to pick based on this tiny sample, I would probably go with the Hatto But, as they are all priced similarly, the Oxford edition has the advantage of including a secondary work, which may make it the best value.Translations aside, the question remains as to whom to recommend this work, aside from medievalists and scholars Grail researchers will also be interested, but anyone attempting this book should know it not an effortless read nowhere near as difficult as Chaucer s Canturbury Tales or Beowulf, the translators do still attempt to reproduce Wolfram s style, and all three translations I looked at mimic an older structural and syntactical arrangement A brief example, as Parzival rides into Munsalvaesche for the first time Little gaiety had there been here for many a day the knights were too sad of heart Yet they did not let Parzival feel this, and welcomed him, young and old alike Many pages ran out to seize the bridle of his horse, each one trying to be the first, and held his stirrup for him to dismount Some knights bade him enter the castle, and led him to his chamber, where they quickly and skillfully removed his armor When they then looked upon the youth, with his boy s face, still beardless, and saw how beautiful he was, they confessed that he was indeed richly blessed Mustard and Passage Some readers may find the re telling of Parzival by Lindsay Clarke easier on the eye and ear although there is no look inside to see for sure and even Katherine Paterson s version for younger readers may be all the Parzival that anyone really needs Still, there is an inherent medieval atmosphere in the translations that attempt to replicate the original author s style which is missing in Ms Patterson s re telling, although it s difficult to know how much currency that carries I would probably recommend the others over the re telling simply because it feelsauthentic but these are translations we re talking about, so none of them are really anyauthentic than the other.In the end, I found Parzival worthwhile mostly because I appreciate the familiarity with a foundational piece of Western literature, and also because I find it enjoyable to recognize links between modern era literature and its source material I realize that that is a very narrow recommendation I did like the book, but I wouldn t have considered it a five star experience, despite its reputation But, then again, as far as star ratings go, it seems ludicrous to assign a value to a work that has survived over 800 years its very survival seems a better indication of its worth than a star rating by me So I ve opted out of rating this one, though if I d been forced, I would have probably gone with four stars as an indication of its value to me Most persons know the literary sources of the grail legends from Malory s Death of Arthur, a very late, derivative source and, unless edited for modern readers, not very readable For the early material, look into Chretien s uncompleted Perceval and Wolfram von Eschenbach s Parzival Chretien is short, sometimes even funny Wolfram s is much longer, covering muchmaterial and probably difficult in a translation which attempts to closely follow the poetic form of the original Happily, this Most persons know the literary sources of the grail legends from Malory s Death of Arthur, a very late, derivative source and, unless edited for modern readers, not very readable For the early material, look into Chretien s uncompleted Perceval and Wolfram von Eschenbach s Parzival Chretien is short, sometimes even funny Wolfram s is much longer, covering muchmaterial and probably difficult in a translation which attempts to closely follow the poetic form of the original Happily, this version is one quite accessible to the modern non specialist This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers To view it, click here It is my dream to be able to talk about this chivalric and epic work of a German clerc, and minstrel, Wolfram von Eschenbch, who living in Bavaria and in 13th century, was interested according to his mention in the prologue in a certain Kyoto of Provence,Kyoto the provins, as well as he mentions the work of Chretien de Troyes, Perceval or the tale of the grail, neither this work or its author being known elsewhere, this translation by A Hatto under my consideration in the introduction mentions It is my dream to be able to talk about this chivalric and epic work of a German clerc, and minstrel, Wolfram von Eschenbch, who living in Bavaria and in 13th century, was interested according to his mention in the prologue in a certain Kyoto of Provence,Kyoto the provins, as well as he mentions the work of Chretien de Troyes, Perceval or the tale of the grail, neither this work or its author being known elsewhere, this translation by A Hatto under my consideration in the introduction mentions different traditions of crossings and particulr that of Tolede, an important centre of assembling of different travellers, minstrels and pilgrims Still, we are left only to guess The work of Parzival is finished and is the translation in English of the thirteen century an epic tale recounting feats and acts if valour of Gahmuret, young son of count of Anjou, in the Orient, and Parzival , his son of the woman named Herzeloyd It is a chivalric and amorous adventure which led heroes first the father then the son to many adventures of incomparable valour Gahmuret, meeting his death in the Orient and married to a black Orient princess , but first begetting on her a pie bald son, who will ne the king of the Orient thus succeeding his father on the Orient side, wheras Patzival will continue in the christian tradition the link with christianity both ftom his mother and father and will also beget two sons the second of whom will later become Prestre Jean, give to our eyes mythical and extraordinary land of richness and marvellous temperament and of religious faith Parzival is doomed to continue his quest , to enter multiple adventures , being attracted to women lascivious and breathtaking but resists and continues as far as the the castle of King fisher or King Amfortas where after watching this time Lapiz, sacred stone of mythic power, he doesn t pose the question and is doomed as in Chretien s to repeat his performance after a new set of adventures, in this work ended satisafactirily Gawain is present also and King Arthur s court as examples of incomparable valour and dexterity and perfect courtly manners But what is the most important is with this Wolfram s tale is the Order of Templars which are to guard the stone, this lapiz and preserve it from immolation from non initiated Much has rested to imagination and wonder as a secret to the posterity.Wagner directly inspired from this work for his opera for his Parzival., Jean Giono, a French writer wrote a novel with King Amfortas and his Parzival T.S Eliott was also inspired by this work as well as by From Ritual to romance by Jenny Weston The secret is still with us as it is very near us Eugene Green has wtitten a novel under a title Un conte du graal , set in contemporary Portugal, and in Lisabon explores initiation of a young man , Perceval in quest of his grailAnyway this work of Parzival by Wofram von Eschanbach is extremely interesting and full of ideas nourishing imagination of the whole of Europe as his protagonists notably Gawain travelled down as far south of Europe and thus providing people of these regions to be directly implicated in this quest This is a real epic and cultural tale whereas Chretien s work ispoetic, wittier and symbolist And Parzival is double in length than Chretien s work,epic,detailed,civilisational.And at last to end in a symbolist quest and fascination of the grail a poem by Paul VerlaineParsifal a vaincu les filles, leur gentil Babil et la luxure amusante sa perteVers la Chair de garcon vierge que cela tenteD aimer les seins legers et ce gentil babil Il a vaincu La Femme belle, au coeur subtil,Etalant ses bras frais et sa gorge excitante Il a vaincu l Enfer et rentre sous sa tenteAvec un lourd trophee a son bras pueril,Avec la lance qui perca le Flanc supreme Il a gueri le roi, le voici roi lui meme,Et pretre du tres saint Tresor essentiel.En robe d or il adore, gloire et symbole,Le vase pur ou resplendit le Sang reel Et, o ces voix d enfants chantant dans la coupole This symbolic poetry by Verlaine captures all the interest reported by Wagner from The Middle Ages and added symbols of diffuiculty with women that fall on the head of the chosen hero, with playing of innocence and fascination that this poem reveals especially playing with tropes in final terza , heritage from Percevl by Chretien de Troyes, but preserving seriousness and implacability of Wolfram s work which is chivalric value of the real and grave quest ,both important for future life in ts every aspect, where communal steps in for private and precarious To that effaect, Paryival is a real chevalric epic, the one detalis , its time is constituted chronologically, explanatory, whereas that of Chretien s plays with it Parzival is certainly work at crossrpasd , written in the13 the century , the beginning of it , so revaluing theact of valour and their gesture, it lances new things theplace of women in this men s world, their sides of the story.An eternal quest of entering the world This book is so beautiful Don t bother if you don t want to wade through a bunch of medieval weirdness what do they have against the Welsh And is everybody that s ugly REALLY going to be evil, all the time But then again that s part of the fun It s hard to tell how much of this is crazy worldbuilding by the author, and how much he s actually representative of the values of this time either way, it makes a cultural thing that s pretty familiar King Arthur Britain and makes it seem inc This book is so beautiful Don t bother if you don t want to wade through a bunch of medieval weirdness what do they have against the Welsh And is everybody that s ugly REALLY going to be evil, all the time But then again that s part of the fun It s hard to tell how much of this is crazy worldbuilding by the author, and how much he s actually representative of the values of this time either way, it makes a cultural thing that s pretty familiar King Arthur Britain and makes it seem incredibly foreign Everything is over the top I loved living in there I optimistically anticipate being able to review this in the not too distant future. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers To view it, click here Lots of violence Weird, trippie fantasy sequences Lots of hot ladies A dude who s a virgin Long descriptions of meals in lieu of sex Overall, a very enjoyable read My favorite parts of this book were 1 Wolfram s occasional, incredibly clunky self referential comments 2 The description of huge sword wielding knights being fed the meat of tiny roasted songbirds by their lady 3 The fact that they ride horses from Wales to France without getting on a boat Apparently the Christian assau Lots of violence Weird, trippie fantasy sequences Lots of hot ladies A dude who s a virgin Long descriptions of meals in lieu of sex Overall, a very enjoyable read My favorite parts of this book were 1 Wolfram s occasional, incredibly clunky self referential comments 2 The description of huge sword wielding knights being fed the meat of tiny roasted songbirds by their lady 3 The fact that they ride horses from Wales to France without getting on a boat Apparently the Christian assault on local legends had left everyone confused about basic facts of European geography 4 Spoiler Alert The Holy Grail is guarded by one old man surrounded by dozens of beautiful semi clad women 5 Spoiler Alert The Holy Grail is a jewel, not a cup Who knew if you only read one thing in Medieval lit, it better be the Divine Comedy But if, after that, you decide you wantMedieval lit, this should be next on your list Seriously fantastic. Another reviewer for this book wrote, Theyou put into Parzival, theyou get out And I couldn t agreeWaldorf students are all required to read this book in 11th Grade, and the comments from the students about the block and the book are quite mixedalthough most are negative This is a very dense and antiquated book, and to read it without a curriculum would take perseverance However, once I broke into it, I began to enjoy it immensely It s really just an Arthurian tale, b Another reviewer for this book wrote, Theyou put into Parzival, theyou get out And I couldn t agreeWaldorf students are all required to read this book in 11th Grade, and the comments from the students about the block and the book are quite mixedalthough most are negative This is a very dense and antiquated book, and to read it without a curriculum would take perseverance However, once I broke into it, I began to enjoy it immensely It s really just an Arthurian tale, but so old that the magic and the stories seem much true, somehow And Parzival s character development, is,or less, the basis for the entirety of Rudolph Steiner s theory of human development it s all very interesting And the story and characters can be connected to anything The seven main women can represent the planets, which in turn represent different stages in Parzival s life I had a wonderful and fascinating time reading this book, and I feel like anthroposophy has helped me understand it on a very deep level `DOWNLOAD EPUB ⇻ Parzival ↶ Composed in the early thirteenth century, Wolfram von Eschenbach s Parzival is the re creation and completion of the story left unfinished by its initiator Chr tien de Troyes It follows Parzival from his boyhood and career as a knight in the court of King Arthur to his ultimate achievement as King of the Temple of the Grail, which Wolfram describes as a life giving Stone As a knight serving the German nobility in the imperial Hohenstauffen period, the author was uniquely placed to describe the zest and colour of his hero s world, with dazzling depictions of courtly luxury, jousting and adventure Yet this is not simply a tale of chivalry, but an epic quest for spiritual education, as Parzival must conquer his ignorance and pride and learn humility before he can finally win the Holy Grail