(((READ EPUB))) ⇯ The History of the Kings of Britain ↿ PDF eBook or Kindle ePUB free

This book is not only about OrIt is about a bunch of crazy people that lived throughout the history of Britain, all the way to the time this book was written and the hopeful return of the Once and Future King , from the Trojans to the Anglo Saxons, with a lot of myth mixed in The book itself is very inaccurate, but it has early accounts of King Lear and Arthur Pendragon, so I do not care how imprecise it is, I love it I mean, Monmouth said that someone gave him the text for him to translate This book is not only about OrIt is about a bunch of crazy people that lived throughout the history of Britain, all the way to the time this book was written and the hopeful return of the Once and Future King , from the Trojans to the Anglo Saxons, with a lot of myth mixed in The book itself is very inaccurate, but it has early accounts of King Lear and Arthur Pendragon, so I do not care how imprecise it is, I love it I mean, Monmouth said that someone gave him the text for him to translate This is required reading for every Arthurian Legend Lover Because It Is Amazing Because I Say So (((READ EPUB))) ☞ The History of the Kings of Britain ☞ Completed in , The History of the Kings of Britain traces the story of the realm from its supposed foundation by Brutus to the coming of the Saxons some two thousand years later Vividly portraying legendary and semi legendary figures such as Lear, Cymbeline, Merlin the magician and the most famous of all British heroes, King Arthur, it is as much myth as it is history and its veracity was questioned by other medieval writers But Geoffrey of Monmouth s powerful evocation of illustrious men and deeds captured the imagination of subsequent generations, and his influence can be traced through the works of Malory, Shakespeare, Dryden and Tennyson Rule Brittania14 February 2018 Siem Reap Maybe I should have written my review on A Farewell to Arms on Valantine s Day as opposed to some semi mythological text about a bunch of British kings that probably never existed, but then again I ve never been a big fan of Valantine s Day, especially when I started working only to discover that in an office environment you suddenly have this huge competition among the ladies as to whose partner loves them the most based on the biggest bunch of flower Rule Brittania14 February 2018 Siem Reap Maybe I should have written my review on A Farewell to Arms on Valantine s Day as opposed to some semi mythological text about a bunch of British kings that probably never existed, but then again I ve never been a big fan of Valantine s Day, especially when I started working only to discover that in an office environment you suddenly have this huge competition among the ladies as to whose partner loves them the most based on the biggest bunch of flowers I still remember that first Valantine s Day, seeing lady after ladying going down stairs and returning with a bunch of flowers, and one particular woman going down three times, returning with ever bigger bunches and it was from the same person, or so she claimed Anyway, this is the second time I ve read this book, and the first time I absolutely loved it, but then again back then I was one of those people who believed anything At that time I never realised that Britain was originally colonised by the Trojans, that the British were the ones who sacked Rome and that Brennius was a Brit as opposed to a Gaul Nor did I realise that Constantine was a Brit, and that it was King Arthur that brought an end to the Roman Empire Well, as it turns at I m not entirely sure whether that really is the case anyway, but as Chopper Read once said, why let the truth get in the way of a good yarn So, the Historia Regum Britanae was a history written by Geoffrey of Monmouth sometime in the 10th Century, which puts it after the Norman invasion Geoffrey, in his introduction, explains that he was always interested in who the kings of Britain were before the Roman invasion, and while he had been doing some research on the kings that came later namely referring to sources such as Bede, Nennias, and Gildas , he was mystified as to what went on before Well, to his surprise he was handed a mysterious Red Book, which gave him his answers so he then proceeded to write his own history While many of his claims are dubious in the least, I suspect that this red book may have actually existed It is a great story, and a great history, though Geoffrey focuseson battles as opposed to any real philosophical or political dialogue In this text we learn of the origins of the British people they were Trojan A man named Brutus, who was about two generations after Aeneas, accidentally killed his mother and father so was exiled He took a group with him to Greece to establish a new land, and in doing so went to war with his neighbours In a act of deceit he slaughtered some of his enemies, only to be told that it would be best to leave because he had pretty much upset everybody else around him and that he would never have any rest from war if he remained So he travelled around, landing in some places only to discover that the locals really didn t want him there, so instead of wasting manpower by constantly fighting, he moved on until he came to the British Isles As we make our way through the history we encounter Brennius, the aforementioned Gaul who sacked Rome, except that he wasn t a Gaul but actually a Briton We encounter King Lear however in this text it is Leir , who doesn t go mad in the moors and ends up dying along with all of his daughters, but flees to France, raises an army, and returns and reclaims his kingdom We also encounter the Roman invasion of Britain, but Geoffrey writes this from the perspective of the British, and thus paints them as being muchcapable, and unified as opposed to the tribal structure that historians believe was actually the case Finally, as we come to the 4th Century, we encounter the famous Uther Pendragon which he suggests is a corruption of the name Uther ben Dragon, or son of the Dragon , who as a child flees to France when his Uncle Vortigern seizes the throne for himself This then sets the stage for the final part of the book, where there is a constant struggle between the British and the Saxons, where in the end, as we all know, the Saxons win and the British are confirmed to a small section of the island that we now know as Wales it is Geoffrey s assertion that the Welsh are the true descendants of the Britons There is a suggestion that this history is the springboard for the Arthurian romances that come into play in both England and France I noticed that when I read Bede, he skips over the period of time where Geoffrey places the story of Arthur I suspect Geoffrey used this jump to insert the story which probably was in the form of an oral legend at the time anyway, or at least in that Little Red Book , and it is one of the longest in the book Geoffrey s account goes that Vortigern was ruling the island with an iron fist and with the help of the Saxons, but the alliance was coming apart When Uther and his older brother Aurelius, came of age, they returned and fought against Vortigern and the Saxons, and of course won However, both of them died, and this is where Arthur ascends the throne Arthur does have a powerful sword, but it isn t Excalibur, nor does he pull it from a stone Merlin also appears, but he hasto do with Vortigern and Uther than he does with Arthur though Geoffrey does make mention that they do meet on one occasion Interestingly there is an entire chapter dedicated to a series of apocalyptic style prophecies told by Merlin, who foresees the coming of Arthur The way these prophecies are written suggest a heavy Biblical influence though Geoffrey does refer to Biblical events as he is telling his story The story of the cuckolding of Arthur does not appear here, however while Arthur is away in France fighting the Romans, he does leave Mordred in charge of Britain along with Guinevere Once the Romans had been dealt with, he discovers that Mordred had claimed the throne of Britain for himself, so he returns with an army to take it back, which could flag the Lancelot affair down the track Interestingly, I notice that Arthur is basically perpetually at war, but then again this isn t so much a defensive war because not only does he invade Gaul Geoffrey seems to use Gaul and France interchangeably , but he goads the Romans into attacking him as well Thus it is not surprising that we he eventually dies sort of he is mortally wounded and taken off to Avalon never to be seen again, sort of because the suggesting is that he may return , it is in battle I suspect that this work is very much like the Aenead was to Rome, and I do note that Geoffrey does start his book from where the Aenead ends In one sense he is claiming British heritage from the Romans, thus suggesting, that like Rome, Britain is destined for greatness While many of his battles aren t resounding victories, and his kings immortal killing machines, he does have the British conquer large swathes of Europe at least three times, as well as making certain well known figures British Mind you, this was the 10th Century, and Britain had just been conquered by the Normans except, they were really British Geoffrey seems to refer back to a part of France called Little Britain or Brittany as it is known today In a way what Geoffrey seems to be trying to establish here is not so much a justification for the Norman invasion that had happened about fifty years ago, but probably still in living memory of many of the older people but rather suggesting that Britain was now returning to her original roots, and the Saxon domination now being over turned Then again, the Norman invasion, within a a couple of hundred years, suddenly evolved into a struggle between the English and the French, and a part of me wonders whether the Historia Regum Brittanae was playing in the back of the king s minds, particularly since that for quite a while Geoffrey s text was considered history and I believe even Holinshed includes Brutus in his history It s best to stick to the Penguin version This one is from Createspace, a subsidiary of a large retailer. As a number of people who know me well could easily attest to, I am fascinated by history books which contain very little actual history Although these books are often of very little value in the field of history The History of the Kings of Britain definitely contains very little historical fact , they remain very valuable when studying the culture of a place or time, and often illustrate a great deal about a people or a culture s sense of self It s for largely the same reasons that I am so f As a number of people who know me well could easily attest to, I am fascinated by history books which contain very little actual history Although these books are often of very little value in the field of history The History of the Kings of Britain definitely contains very little historical fact , they remain very valuable when studying the culture of a place or time, and often illustrate a great deal about a people or a culture s sense of self It s for largely the same reasons that I am so fascinated by The Book of Mormon which, although largely discredited by historians, nevertheless speaks much of an American sense of self.This narrative history speaks much of a Medieval British sense of self It has an almost schizophrenic approach when dealing with the Romans Did they bring a great deal of culture to Britain Or is it true, as a speaker in this narrative claims, that Greater than all its other evils is the harm done to Britain by the overlordship of the Romans for no man is able to hold lasting power there without losing his freedom and being forced to bear the yoke of servitude.The great irony is that these words were composed in Latin, and all through the narrative, the likely subconscious influence of the Romans is apparent Not least of all in a tendency to drop in Latin names among the British characters as if such a thing were perfectly natural But we should not let ourselves dwell on such discrepancies This is a narrative in which pagans call upon the one true God, and Julius Caesar himself performs hand to hand battle with British soldiers.In all, it s a fascinating narrative One should not come to it for history, but for the study of a medieval culture, it is truly invaluable I don t like Monmouth Dim witted and blinded by a vulgar dislike of the Welsh, who he calls unworthy successors to the noble Britons , he has cut Arthur s metaphorical right hand in this account there is no Lady of the Lake bestowing him an enchanted sword Instead, Arthur wields Caliburnus, which is not Excalibur, it s just a sword and if Arthur wields just a sword, then he is just another king, wherein lies another issue with Monmouth s histories For King Arthur is not just a king, he is t I don t like Monmouth Dim witted and blinded by a vulgar dislike of the Welsh, who he calls unworthy successors to the noble Britons , he has cut Arthur s metaphorical right hand in this account there is no Lady of the Lake bestowing him an enchanted sword Instead, Arthur wields Caliburnus, which is not Excalibur, it s just a sword and if Arthur wields just a sword, then he is just another king, wherein lies another issue with Monmouth s histories For King Arthur is not just a king, he is the King that will raise again But these are subtleties Monmouth cannot comprehend, he is a mere English mortal, whereas Nennius will live forever.This account is the equivalent of a friend of a friend said that Monmouth himself says he writes by inspiration from stories his friend told him and a mysterious book that Walter, archdeacon of Oxford brought from Brittany I can safely say this is bollocks, as Monmouth has translated ad litteram from Nennius, from the first paragraph where he laments the lack of information regarding the islands in his classics Bede, Gildas to the scene when Merlin explains the symbolism of the fighting dragons.There are several points of interest in the account, the genealogy of the British from Brutus and Aeneas, descendants of Troy, to the origins of the kings of East Anglia, the genealogy of the Mercians, however these are shadowed by a multitude of inaccuracies, such as suggesting it was Merlin who brought Stonehenge to its current location, but this is rather ridiculous, as the stones predate Arthurian lore.The only points that rose my interest were the fact that Sir Gawain is Arthur s nephew and that Uther Pendragon is buried at Stonehenge it is easier for a kite to be made to act like a sparrow hawk than for a wise man to be fashioned at short notice from a peasant He who offers any depth of wisdom to such a person is acting as though he were throwing a pearl among swine Well, the short way to express my opinion of The History of the Kings of Britain is simply to say this this book is a big freakin deal Although this account is not seen as anythingthan fiction or at the most very, very twisted bits and pieces of t it is easier for a kite to be made to act like a sparrow hawk than for a wise man to be fashioned at short notice from a peasant He who offers any depth of wisdom to such a person is acting as though he were throwing a pearl among swine Well, the short way to express my opinion of The History of the Kings of Britain is simply to say this this book is a big freakin deal Although this account is not seen as anythingthan fiction or at the most very, very twisted bits and pieces of truth, I have to hand it to Geoffrey of Monmouth that it covers a very long span of time and manages to remain interesting through and through Going into History, I knew there was going to be talk of Merlin and Arthur, which got me all excited to begin with But to find out that the story of King Lear was told as well That completely blew my mind Not only does the reader get the bit of the story that Shakespeare adapted into his famous tragedy, but also the aftermath of how it all went down As to not ramble for too long, I can summarize my thoughts I love knowing that History is a big deal for Arthurian nerds such as Tennyson and even as far back as Malory himself I also love knowing that the Bard got one of his stories from the same exact work How amazing is that Now, History s account of Arthur is not nearly as embellished or famous as Malory s, of course, but one of the biggest highlights of the novel as a whole is Geoffrey s depiction of Merlin, from his origin to his prophecies Although some of the symbolism in the chapter about Merlin s prophecies is somewhat undecipherable to modern day scholars, a lot of it has to do with events to come later in Geoffrey s account or even events that took place in Geoffrey s lifetime or soon before it I do also appreciate how Geoffrey implements the use of Biblical events to give the reader an idea of what was going on in other parts of the world at the same time as events in Britain To me, that helps me to put everything into perspective, as well as see at what approximate time Christianity began to spread northward and westward This is a very interesting read, especially for Arthurian buffs The book s description of Geoffrey as a sometimes less than reliable historian is some serious understatement even Geoffrey slearned contemporaries understood this history to be largely a product of the author s own imagination But it s an important book nonetheless In the course of Geoffrey s 2,000 year tale, he presents the earliest known version of the King Lear story and the first English non Welsh telling of th This is a very interesting read, especially for Arthurian buffs The book s description of Geoffrey as a sometimes less than reliable historian is some serious understatement even Geoffrey slearned contemporaries understood this history to be largely a product of the author s own imagination But it s an important book nonetheless In the course of Geoffrey s 2,000 year tale, he presents the earliest known version of the King Lear story and the first English non Welsh telling of the King Arthur legend, among many others.So, readers interested in an early look at British history may be disappointed But those who want to trace the Matter of Britain back to its beginnings will eat this up Geoffrey s history influenced countless writers and artists for centuries, and it still has appeal today 3.5 stars, recommended Historia Regum Britanniae is as historically accurate as I am Ryan Gosling, and the fact Geoffrey begins by essentially saying my source is one book and I ve shoved in some extra details off the top my head , I wonder why it took till the Renaissance before anyone really called bullshit.Pride was probably the reason, with The History performing the same glorifying act for Britain as Virgil s The Aeneid did for Rome Almost exactly the same actually, since apparently my ancestors were also disp Historia Regum Britanniae is as historically accurate as I am Ryan Gosling, and the fact Geoffrey begins by essentially saying my source is one book and I ve shoved in some extra details off the top my head , I wonder why it took till the Renaissance before anyone really called bullshit.Pride was probably the reason, with The History performing the same glorifying act for Britain as Virgil s The Aeneid did for Rome Almost exactly the same actually, since apparently my ancestors were also displaced Trojans, led by Brutus, who enjoyed some dashing adventures before hitting the Isles and comitting mass genocide against the native giants The History covers about 1100BC to almost 700AD and details the lives of many Kings with no historical basis, how we colonised half of Europe, married British nobility to Roman Emporers and built huge cities that rivalled Rome, all of which we lost due to the Isles oldest and most diabolical nemesis, the Saxons Geoffrey also hates the Scots, the Welsh and effeminate degeneracy with all the growling passion of a complete gammon.I found this book hysterical It s dry, pompous and unforgivably long in places, but that po facedness makes it wonderfully funny when we have chapter titles like thisMalgo, king of Britain, and a most graceful person, addicts himself to sodomyor thisConstantine, having murdered the two sons of Mordred, is himself killed by Conan which, when taken out of context, sounds like the synopsis of an epic crossover fanfiction.Despite the ludicrous stories of Julius Ceasar being beaten back by his own sword after it lodges in his British opponent s helmet and he can t retrieve it , or the rapist giants, magicians, angels and dragons that appear in this history , we do have to thank Geoffrey for providing the basis for three British legends that later, better writers would improve upon King Lear, Merlin and Arthur.These first references to the Arthurian legend are partly why I read this, and you can recognise the foundation stones for later works There s Merlin changing Uther Pendragon s appearance into that of a woman s husband, so he can molest her Arthur has a decent sword called Caliburn, which would become Excalibur We have the villainous Mordred, who is Arthur s nephew but not his incestuous love child, and Arthur has a wife called Guanhumara Guinevere view spoiler who betrays her husband and runs off to a nunnery, but she does this with Mordred, as Lancelot hadn t been invented yet hide spoiler There s also a weird chapter where Arthur pauses conquering half of Europe to praise a pond with unusual fish activity, and it s never mentioned again I m guessing someone went Why is this bit in here Sod it, I ll dunk in a magic sword throwing woman in my version As the earliest account of the Arthurian legend, it s entertaining enough, save for when we first meet Merlin and the infamous wizard gives what must have been fifteen bloody pages of one long, nonsense, cryptic prophecy.The weird and magical stuff is still a fairly small part of The History, and Geoffrey mostly discusses battles, battle speeches, who begat who and whether they ruled peacefully You will need to sift through that to find the truly ridiculous realms, and sadly it s not an easy book to read My edition had some spelling mistakes not Geoffrey s fault , and it s not always clear who s speaking or being referred to Geoffrey s fault But what s worse is that there are no dates given until almost the very end, when Geoffrey says and in the year of our Lord, 689, this bloke died Determining any other date requires guess work, like when real life Emporers appear, but since the vast majority of the people Geoffrey writes about don t exist, it becomes a timeless maze of meaningless names and deeds.It s an extremely flawed piece of fiction that will make any history lover weep with frustration, but very important for its influence on British culture and literature It ultimately gave us Monty Python and the Holy Grail, and for that film alone I love that this silly book exists Geoffrey of Monmouth s History of the Kings of Britain is the story of all the legendary kings of Britian, from the founder, Brutus, the grandson of Aeneas, down to the last king of Britain, Cadwalladr On the way, Geoffrey recounts the tales of King Leir, Cymbeline, and Julius Caesar s invasion of Britain Most importantly, however, one fifth of the book is devoted to retelling the life story of King Arthur Geoffrey was actually the first person to do this Immensely popular in the Middle Ages Geoffrey of Monmouth s History of the Kings of Britain is the story of all the legendary kings of Britian, from the founder, Brutus, the grandson of Aeneas, down to the last king of Britain, Cadwalladr On the way, Geoffrey recounts the tales of King Leir, Cymbeline, and Julius Caesar s invasion of Britain Most importantly, however, one fifth of the book is devoted to retelling the life story of King Arthur Geoffrey was actually the first person to do this Immensely popular in the Middle Ages over 200 manuscripts have survived, as opposed to 80 of The Canterbury Tales and 50 of Piers Plowman this is the book that started the fashion for Arthurian romance that continued throughout the Middle Ages, and is still being felt today in modern novels and movies.Although Lewis Thorpe s translation is inaccurate in places, it s still the most readable translation available, and it has an extensive glossary index of proper names Michael Faletra s translation from Broadview Press isaccurate, and it contains a full translation of Geoffrey s other important work, the Life of Merlin The History of the Kings of Britain